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What is empowerment?


In a business context, "Empowerment" refers to the process by which companies grant their employees the authority and trust to make autonomous decisions, take responsibility, and actively participate in shaping their work environment and tasks. Empowerment aims to strengthen employees' autonomy and self-confidence so that they can perform their tasks more effectively and efficiently.

Empowerment can encompass various aspects, including:

  1. Delegating Responsibility: Supervisors delegate tasks and responsibilities to employees, giving them the freedom to carry them out at their discretion.

  2. Decision-Making Authority: Employees are granted the authority to make decisions within their areas of responsibility without seeking constant approval from supervisors.

  3. Access to Resources: Employees have access to the resources and information they need to successfully fulfill their tasks.

  4. Training and Development: Companies provide training and development opportunities to enhance employees' skills and knowledge, enabling them to better handle their tasks.

  5. Feedback and Communication: Open communication between employees and supervisors is encouraged to exchange ideas, suggestions, and concerns.

Empowerment is intended not only to boost individual performance but also to enhance employee engagement, job satisfaction, and ultimately the overall performance of the entire company. It enables employees to identify more strongly with the company's goals and actively contribute to their achievement.


The origin of the term "Empowerment" in the business context can be traced back to the social movements of the 1960s and 1970s, particularly in the areas of women's rights and civil rights. During this time, groups and activists began advocating for the empowerment of individuals who were underrepresented or disadvantaged in society.

The term "Empowerment" itself was derived from the English word "empower," which means "to authorize" or "to enable." Originally, it was used to emphasize the concept of empowering individuals and communities to defend their rights and interests in political, social, and economic contexts.

In the business context, "Empowerment" began to gain prominence in the 1980s. Companies recognized that empowering their employees by granting them more responsibility and decision-making authority could have positive effects on morale, performance, and innovation. This approach promoted a decentralized organizational structure and a culture of trust and collaboration.

The idea of empowerment in business was further developed by management theorists such as Douglas McGregor (known for Theory X and Theory Y) and Peter Drucker. They emphasized the importance of viewing employees as self-responsible individuals who could contribute their skills and abilities to the company's success.

Today, empowerment in the business context is an established concept and plays a crucial role in terms of employee engagement, leadership, and organizational culture. It aims to strengthen employees' skills and self-confidence, enabling them to work more effectively and efficiently while taking on more responsibility and participating in the decision-making process.


  • Enablement
  • Delegation
  • Permission